Herb Singles Glossary


Herbal Glossary

 
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Alfalfa (Medicago sativa): Detoxifier; used to reduce and prevent symptoms caused by arthritis, bursitis and gout9; lowers cholesterol10. Contains natural fluorides, preventing tooth decay and helping to rebuild decaying teeth. Alfalfa contains eight essential digestive enzymes and eight essential amino acids of protein and a high chlorophyll content. Extremely rich source of Beta-Carotene, minerals, trace elements, and vitamins A, B-1, B-6, B-12, C, D, E, K, Biotin, Folic Acid, Niacin and Pantothenic Acid. Minerals are calcium, copper, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium and zinc.
Caution:
Not recommended for use by persons on blood thinning agents.
Products containing Alfalfa:

Blue Green Minerals,

Original Herbal Minerals,

Adult Herbal Minerals,

Alfalfa Leaf

 


 

American White Ginseng (Panax quinquefolius): Immune system, fatigue and stress. American ginseng contains ginsenosides, which stimulate the immune system and fight fatigue and stress by supporting the adrenal glands and the use of oxygen by exercising muscles. The type and ratio of ginsenosides are somewhat different in American and Asian ginseng. Pharmacologically, ginseng is nonspecific in its effects and is capable of a normalizing action irrespective of the pathological situation. Ginseng's effects include improved mental performance, learning, and memory and sensory awareness. The basis of ginseng's action is believed to be due to its tendency to increase the brain's adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) activity without involving the adrenal glands. A generalized mental arousal is thereby effected.

Products containing American White Ginseng:

EVEning Boost,

American White Ginseng Root

 



Anise (Pimpinella anisum): Used to aid digestion, relieve digestive disorders and cramps, expel gas, (soothing colicky infants), and loosen phlegm with colds and coughs.

Products containing Anise:

Tri-Iron

Anise Star

  


 

Astragalus (Astragalus membranaceus): Cold, Flu, Immune boosting, thought to inhibit tumor growth and often used to help reduce the side effects of chemotherapy. Astragalus supports the production of interferons (proteins which cells produce to fight viral infections). May be used daily as a tonic before colds start.

Products containing Astragalus:
 

Lungs Plus

ALRG

Lung Tonic

NR Glow

Astragalus Root


 


 

Barberry (Berberis vulgaris): Contains bitter alkaloids that have bactericidal activity; also used to reduce fever, lower blood pressure, calm the nerves, reduce muscle spasms and constrict capillary blood flow. Historically used to treat infections in the respiratory tract, for poor appetite, fever, candidia overgrowth and hemorrhages.

Caution: Contraindicated during pregnancy.

Products containing Barberry:
 

 

Bayberry (Myrica ceriferea): A tonic and stimulant used to support the body against colds, flu, fever, sore throat and headache. Astringent used in diarrhea, to reduce excessive menstruation and relax nervous tension which may cause colic.

 
Products containing Bayberry: Anti-Dia Tribe, Hem Halt, Hormone Balancer, Bayberry Bark
 

 

Beth Root (Trillium pendulum or eductum): An astringent herb used traditionally in birthing and for uterine disorders such as menorrhagia (profuse menstruation) and related symptoms; also for hemorrhages, internal and external, for bleeding from the lungs and the rectum, and in cases of diarrhea.

 
Products containing Beth Root: Start Up
 
 

 

Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus): Shown to have anti-aging properties. Studied for its effects on poor night vision, it has been shown to help in quicker adjustment to darkness and glare and improved visual acuity both night and day. Useful in the treatment of glaucoma and other chronic degenerative diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, as it strengthens the walls of the vascular system and connective tissue. Anti-bacterial, anti-viral; also an antioxidant used to prevent free radical damage. Aids circulation in all parts of the body.

 
Products containing Bilberry: Circulabrain, CirculaTone, Bilberry
 

 

Black Cohosh

(Cimacifuga racemosa): Anti-spasmodic used for cramps, muscle and menstrual pain. Traditionally considered a "female" herb, Black Cohosh has been used to balance female hormones and regulate menstrual periods12 and sometimes to induce labor and regulates contractions. Also used as a cough suppressant and expectorant, a diaphoretic for eliminating toxins, an anti-inflammatory in arthritis13 and to lower high blood pressure14.

Caution: During pregnancy and nursing use only under the guidance of a health care practitioner.

  
Products containing Black Cohosh: Start Up, Hear No Evil, Black Cohosh
 

 

Black Haw (Viburnum prunifolium): Believed to tone the female reproductive system and used to help prevent threatened miscarriage15. Black Haw contains uterine muscle relaxants16.

 

Products containing Black Haw: Contract Ease, Hormone Balancer, Labor Prep, Carry On

 
 

 

Black Walnut

(Juglans nigra): Used for sore throat; also as a vermifuge17 to eliminate parasites, as a blood purifier, and to lower blood pressure.

Caution: Not recommended for long term use.

 

Products containing Black Walnut: Worm Out, Black Walnut Hull

 

 


 

Blackberry Leaf (Rubus fruticosus): Astringent and tonic herb, used in the treatment of dysentery and diarrhea.

 
Products containing Blackberry Leaf: Blackberry Leaf
 
 
 
 
 

 

Blessed Thistle

(Cnicus benedictus): Traditionally used to help regulate the menstrual cycle. As it stimulates the production of bile by the liver, Blessed Thistle has been used for detoxification and for liver disorders. Also used to lower fevers, as a heart tonic, for circulation and to stimulate memory.

Caution: Large doses may work as an emetic and lead to nausea or vomiting. Contraindicated during pregnancy.

 

Products containing Blessed Thistle: Blessed Thistle

 

 

 

Blue Cohosh (Caulophyllum thalactroides): Used as an anti-spasmodic to relax nervous tension that may cause colic and menstrual cramps. Traditionally used with false labor (contractions that don't lead to birth), to help prevent miscarriage and to assist in an easier and more rapid labor by dilating the cervix. Also used as an emmenagogue to induce the menstrual flow, as a uterine stimulant, and for uterine toning and inflammation.

Caution: Contraindicated during pregnancy except during the last month under the guidance of a health care practitioner.

 
Products containing Blue Cohosh: Hear No Evil, Hem Halt, Labor Prep, Placenta Out, Start Up, Female Formula
 

 

Blue Vervain (Verbena hastata): Traditionally used as a tonic, emetic, expectorant and to eliminate parasites.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

Boneset (Eupatorium perfolatum): Used to relieve coughs and upper respiratory congestion, to loosen mucous and to reduce fevers. It has a bitter action for liver, gall bladder, and bowel.

 
Products containing Boneset: Mastitix
 
 
 
 

 

 

Borage (Borago officinalis): Lactagoge (used to increase milk production); diaphoretic; anti-inflammatory; used to lowers fevers during convalescence.

Caution: Contraindicated during pregnancy.

 
 
 

 

 

Boswellia (Salai-guggal): Extract shown to have a unique anti-inflammatory action and anti-arthritic properties, used for both osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, soft tissue rheumatism and low back pain. Also used to control high blood lipids and atherosclerosis, and protect the liver against bacterial galactosamine-endotoxins. Also used to improve appetite, the supply of blood to the joints, and for general weakness. The non-acid part of the gum from the Bosellia tree has been used for its pain-relieving and sedative qualities.

Caution: Contraindicated during pregnancy.

 

 

 

Buchu (Barosma betulina): Diuretic; reduces inflamed mucous membranes that cause a mucous discharge. Antiseptic used for inflammation, rheumatism, blood in the urine, bladder infections and kidney disorders. Helps heal cystitis (infection of the urinary bladder and tract) and prostatis (infection of the prostrate gland); relieves irritation of the bladder, kidneys and urethra18.

Caution: Contraindicated during pregnancy.

 

 Products containing Buchu: NR Glow, Male Combination

 


 

Burdock (Arctium lappa): A traditional detox herb and blood purifier19, used in India and Russia as an anti-cancer remedy. Also used to stimulate appetite and digestion, reduce arthritic pain and treat scrofula and other cankerous skin conditions20. Used to treat liver problems, gallstones and to support the kidneys in filtering acids from the blood. A good source of iron. Combined with Dandelion and Yellow Dock, used to treat swelling of a sore growing on top of a lip21.

 
 

 

Butternut Bark (Juglans cinera): Used to eliminate intestinal worms, as a mild laxative22 and to increase secretion of bile and activity of glands in the walls of the intestinal tract23.

 
Products containing Butternut Bark: Liqua Lax
 
 
 
 

 

Capsicum

(Cayenne) (Capsicum annum): Anti-inflammatory, stimulant and blood purifier; used to lower blood cholesterol levels, reduce blood pressure24 and to improve digestion, circulation and respiration25.

Caution: Avoid contact with the eyes or open wounds.

 
Products containing Capsicum: NR Glow, EVEning Boost, Hem Halt, Flew Away, Capsicum
 

 

Cascara Sagrada (Rhamnus purshiana): Anti-spasmodic; also a safe laxative26 especially helpful for the elderly27 in cases of chronic constipation. Helps to detoxify and restore tone to the colon. Cascara Sagrada has been used in the treatment of jaundice, hemorroids and colic. Used to stimulate the pancreas, gallbladder and stomach. Also used to strengthen and stimulate the liver28; as a chelating agent to prevent the formation of calcium-containing urinary stones, and for hepatic disease29.

Caution: Contraindicated during pregnancy and nursing.

 
Products containing Cascara Sagrada: Liqua Lax, Joint Care
 

 

Catnip (Nepeta cataria): Diaphoretic, detoxifier, digestive aid, relaxant; used as a mild sedative, to soothe stomach discomforts30 (cramps and upset stomach) and to control diarrhea. Also used for bronchitis, the treatment of colic, and to relieve cold and flu symptoms.

Caution: Contraindicated during pregnancy.

 
 

 

Cat's Claw (Uncaria tomentosa): Supports the intestinal and immune system by it's ability to cleanse the entire intestinal tract. Used as a detoxifier; also in the treatment of arthritis and for a wide range of stomach and inflammatory bowel disorders such as crohn's disease, colitis and leaky bowel syndrome. Also used for diverticulitits, hemorrhoids, intestinal flora imbalance, to eliminate parasites and for candida overgrowth.

 
Products containing Cat's Claw: Joint Care, Cat's Claw
 

 

Celery Seed (Apium graveolens): Used as a diuretic to promote the flow of urine through the kidneys and as a digestive aid; possibly helpful against gout and rheumatism.

 
Products containing Celery Seed: Joint Care
 
 
 
 

 

 

Chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla): Anti-inflammatory, anti-spasmodic, stimulant, digestive aid, mild sedative and sleep aid; used to reduce nervous stomach problems, help relieve cancer of the liver, mouth, skin and brain. (Applied internally as well as externally31) Also used to calm anxiety, stimulate the expulsion of parasitic worms in the digestive system; also to help eliminate bacteria that causes strep throat32; and in the treatment of skin problems33.

Caution: Contraindicated during pregnancy.

 
 

 

Chaste Tree Berries

(Vitex) (Verbenaceae species): Used to treat PMS as well as some symptoms of menopause. Recommended as a hormone balancer, as a possible natural alternative to estrogen replacement therapy.

Caution: Contraindicated during pregnancy.

  
Products containing Chaste Tree Berries: B-Fruitful, Hormone Balancer, MegaMamChaste Tree
 

 

Chestnut (Castanea Sativa): Contracts body tissue and blood vessels; helps in convulsive coughs and other irritable conditions of the respiratory organs.

 

Products containing Chestnut: Lungs Plus, Lung Tonic

 

 

 

 


 

Chickweed (Stellaria media): Good source of vitamin C; used to treat blood disorders, fever, asthma and arthritis. Reduces internal inflammation and external swelling, soothes coughs, colds, sore throats and flu34; effective against certain respiratory pathogens35.

 
 

 

Chicory (Cichorium Intybus): Believed to be a mild tonic, diuretic and laxative.

 

Products containing Chicory: Chicory Root

 

 

 


 


 

Cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum): Used as an astringent, stimulant and carminative to aid digestion and relieve vomiting. Recent Japanese studies show that it also contains a substance that kills bacteria, fungi and other microorganisms, including the ones that cause botulism and staph infections. It also destroys the fungi that produces aflatoxin, a potent carcinogen and poison.

 

Products containing Cinnamon: Wild Cherry Coffaway, Blood Sugar Ayurvedic Care, Immune Ayurvedic Care, B-DRY, Anti-Dia Tribe, IntestiCalm, EVEning Boost, Worm Out, Fire 4 Men with Deer Antler

 

 

Cleavers Herb (Galium aparine): Used as a strong diuretic, tonic, blood purifier and sedative.

 

Products containing Cleavers Herb: UriCare with Cranberry, CirculaBrain, CirculaTone, UriCare
 
 
 
 

 

Cloves (Caryophyllum aromaticus): Antiseptic; also a mild anesthetic and anti-emetic which reduces vomiting.

 

Products containing Cloves: Worm Out, Scout Out, Flew Away, Peace Treaty

 

 

 

 


 

Codonopsis (Codonopsis pilosula): Milder and safer than Asian ginseng, this Chinese herb is often used as a substitute for the stronger herb. Used in treatment for diabetes, chronic cough and shortness of breath, fatigue, prolapsed uterus, stomach, or rectum, for lack of appetite, diarrhea and vomiting.

 

 Products containing Codonopsis: Codonopsis
 
 

 

 

Coltsfoot (Tussilago farfara): Used as an expectorant to treat coughs and colds, respiratory problems such as bronchitis, silicosis and emphsysema. Stimulates the immune system.

Caution: Contraindicated during pregnancy. Extensive use is cautioned.

 

 Products containing Coltsfoot: Lungs Plus, ASMA
 
 

 

Comfrey (Symphytum officinale): Used in speeding wound healing and guarding against scar tissue; soothes irritated surfaces; helps hemorrhages wherever they occur, internally or on the skin.

Caution: Extensive internal use is cautioned.

 

 Products containing Comfrey: Soothing Salve, Comfrey Root
 

 

Cornsilk (Zea mays): Diuretic; traditionally used for cystitis, gonorrhea, gout and rheumatism.

 

 Products containing Cornsilk: UriCare with Cranberry, UriCare
 
 
 
 

 

Cramp Bark (Viburnum opulus): Traditionally used to relax muscle tensions and reduces spasms, as a sedative, to relax the uterus and relieve painful menstrual cramps; also to prevent menstrual excessive blood loss and protect from threatened miscarriage.

Caution: Not to be used by persons on blood thinning agents.

 
Products containing Cramp Bark: Female Formula
 

 

Damiana (Turnera diffusa): Blood purifier similar to parsley. Also used as a diuretic, laxative and expectorant in the treatment of coughs and colds.

 

 Products containing Damiana: EVEning Boost
 
 
 
 

 

Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale): Mineral rich herb which may protect against iron-deficiency anemia. It has been shown helpful in detoxifying the liver. Used to reduce high blood pressure, due to its diuretic action; also to enhance liver and gallbladder function and to treat liver disorders and infections. Used in the treat-ment of breast cancer36.

 

 Products containing Dandelion: UriCare with Cranberry, UriCare, Tri-Iron, Move E-Z, LivCare
 

 

Devil's Claw

(Harpagophytum procumbens): Anti-inflammatory; shown in some studies to reduce the pain and inflammation of arthritis. It has also been shown to reduce serum cholesterol and uric acid levels and work as a blood purifier.

Caution: Not recommended for use by persons with ulcers.

 

 Products containing Devil's Claw: Joint Care, Devil's Claw
 

 

Dill (Anethum graveolens): Used to eliminate gas in infants, as a tranquilizer, and to soften hardened stools.

 
 
 
 

 

Dog Grass (Agropyron repens): Traditionally used in the treatment of kidney stones and urinary incontinence. It is also anti-parasitic.

 

 Products containing Dog Grass: Dog Grass
 
 
 
 

 

Dong Quai

(Angelica) (Angelica sinensis): Dubbed as the "female ginseng," Dong Quai has been used as an all-purpose uterine tonic for a wide range of female gynocological problems. Used to help regulate menstruation and as an anti-spasmodic to ease nervousness and cramping caused by uterine contractions, also in PMS and menopause. Rich in vitamins A, B-12 and E, Dong Quai may aid in the prevention of anemia. It has also been used as a blood purifier, mild laxative, a diaphoretic11 and diuretic.

Caution: Not to be used during pregnancy or by persons on blood thinning agents.

 
 

 

Dulse (Rhodymenia palmata): Member of the kelp family. This wonderful sea vegetable is high in iodine, many nutrients, amino acids and trace minerals. It has been used in treating thyroid dysfunction.

 

 Products containing Dulse: Dulse
 
 
 

 

 

 Echinacea Angustifolia (Echinacea angustifolia): Widely used and now scientifically documented for its immune-enhancing, anti-viral, anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor properties. Studies show Echinacea fights infection, speeds wound healing, lessens the severity of colds and flu and speeds recovery.

 

 

 

Echinacea Purpurea (Echinacea purpurea): Same as above. An immune stimulant by increasing phagocytosis37; used to treat fevers and minor infections.

 

 Products containing Echinacea Purpurea: Mastitix, Viramune, RespaClear, Echinacea Purpurea
 
 
 

 

Elderberries and Flowers (Sambuccua canadensis nigra): Traditionally used to relieve symptoms of coughs and colds. Elderberries are a good source of vitamins C, B and A.

 

 
 

 

Elecampane

(Inula helenium): Contains an essential oil that has been successfully used for its bactericidal and fungicidal properties. This makes it useful in treating diarrhea, dysentery and yeast infections of the bowel. Also used as a diuretic, diaphoretic and as an expectorant to help with coughs and bronchitis.

Caution: Contraindicated during pregnancy.

 

 Products containing Elecampane: Lungs Plus, Lung Tonic, Elecampane
 

 

 

Ephedra (Ephedra sinica): Used in China in most decongestant formulas and to promote thermogenesis (the body's way of maintaining its body temperature.) Recommended in the treatment of coughs, colds and flu, aching joints and bones, chills and headache. Ephedrine is also a bronchodilator used in asthma, hay fever and emphysema to relieve swollen mucous and sinus membranes.

Caution: The action of this herb is very powerful and should be used with care under the direction of a health care practitioner. Keep out of the reach of children.

 

 

False Unicorn (Chamaelirium luteum): Used for women to balance hormones, aid in delayed or absent menstruation, also to help threatened miscarriage. In small dosages it may ease vomiting associated with pregnancy. Also used as a diuretic. Caution: During pregnancy use under the guidance of a health care practitioner.

 
Products containing False Unicorn: Hormone Balancer, Labor Prep, B-Fruitful, Carry On
 

 

Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare): Long used as a digestive aid, resulting in quicker digestion and less flatulence. Also considered an estrogenic agent38; a lactagogue and an antimicrobial. 

 

 

 

Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum): Known as a lung herb, it has been used to expel mucous and phlegm from the bronchial tubes, to soothe sore throats, aid the digestive system and to expel toxic waste through the lymphatic system.

 

Products containing Fenugreek: Fenugreek

 

 

 


 

Feverfew (Tanateum parsenium): Anti-inflammatory for arthritis, migraine headaches, to relieve painful, slow menstruation and to promote relaxation. Also used as a digestion and uterine stimulant, to reduce fevers and aid liver function.

 
Products containing Feverfew: White Willow and Feverfew, Start Up
 

 

Flax Seed (Linum usitatissimum): A mild laxative and mucilage, Flax Seed has been used as a remedy for colds, coughs, and irritations of the urinary tract.

 

Products containing Flax Seed: Flax Seed
 
 
 

 

Fo-Ti (Polygonum multiforum): Used primarily as a rejuvenating tonic, testing shows possible anti-tumor activity. It also appears to protect against heart disease by preventing blood clots and reducing blood pressure.

 

Products containing Fo-Ti: Seven Treasures Beautiful Hair, N R G, Fo-Ti
 
 

 

 

Garlic (Allium sativum): Anti-bacterial used to treat amoebic dysentery. Lowers blood pressure and cholesterol level39; increases phagocyte and peritoneal macro-phage production, thereby acting as an anti-microbial. Also considered effective as an immune booster and in treating viral and fungal infection40.

Caution: Not recommended for pregnancy or nursing mothers as it can pass to breast milk and cause colic in infants.

 

Products containing Garlic: Hear No Evil
 

 

Gentian

(Gentiana lutea): Increases ability to digest and assimilate food41; also increases sensitivity of glands and organs to adrenalin (the hormone the body secretes when in need of rapid energy)42.

Caution: Not recommended for persons with ulcers or stomach inflammation.

 
Products containing Gentian: Anti-Dia Tribe, Gentian
 

 

Ginger (Zingiber officinale): Used to stimulate appetite and improve digestion; also for upset stomach, heartburn, vomiting and cramps. Stimulates circulation and is a useful diaphoretic, promoting perspiration. Has strong antibiotic and antioxidant properties. Also used for coughs, cold, flu, fevers and as a gargle for sore throat.

Caution: Contraindicated during pregnancy. Persons with gallstones should consult a health care practitioner before use.

 

 

 

Ginkgo (Ginkgo Biloba): Anti-inflammatory; relaxant; circulatory used to move blood and oxygen to the brain to enhance memory, improve mental alertness and relieve signs of senility. Shown to strengthen blood vessels and capillary walls. Powerful antioxidant used to prevent cell damage and possibly slow down the aging process; also to prevent plaque build up inside the arterial walls (which may lead to heart disease). Recommended for the the treatment of vertigo, tinnitus, inner ear disturbances including partial deafness, impairment of memory and the ability to concentrate, diminished intellectual capacity and alertness as a result of insufficient circulation, Raynaud's disease and arterial circulatory disturbances due to aging.

 
Products containing Ginkgo: CirculaBrain, CirculaTone, EVEning Boost, Ginkgo
 

 

Ginseng, Korean (Panax ginseng): Used as an adaptogen (helps the system adapt to a variety of changes); also to increases physical and mental endurance, normalize bodily functions, reduce cholesterol and possibly inhibit cancerous tumor growth.

Caution: Contraindicated during pregnancy.

 

 

 

Ginseng, Siberian (Eleutherococcus senticosus): Used to improve memory and concentration; as an adaptogen to both to raise and/or lower blood sugar43 as needed. Also used to lower stress, helping the body resist viral infections, toxic substances, chemotherapy and radiation.

Caution: Contraindicated during pregnancy.

 

Products containing Siberian Ginseng: Adult Herbal Minerals, Siberian Ginseng
 

 

Goldenseal

(Hydrastis canadensis): Immune stimulant, anti-fungal, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial; a broad-spectrum herb often used like an anti-biotic44. Contains berberine which is effective against Helobacter pylori (often responsible for recurrent ulcers) and giardia; effective against gram-positive bacteria such as streptococcus and staph45 and gram-negative bacteria such as E. Coli46; also used externally to reduce inflammation of the eyes47 and soothe mucous membranes.

Caution: Contraindicated during pregnancy.

 

 

 

Gotu Kola (Centella Asiatica): Effective in healing skin, connective tissue, lymph, blood vessels and mucous membranes. Used to stimulate alertness, memory, learning and to improve circulation. Also for varicose veins, edema, cellulite and to reduce swelling and pain in phlebitis (inflammation of the veins); also used for sedative effects and as an expectorant to eliminate congestion due to colds.

 
 

 

Guarana (Paullinia cupana): Historically used by Brazilian Indians as a general tonic for the body and as a source of energy. Guarana acts on the central nervous system to prevent fatigue, breaking down and efficiently disposing of lactic acid that comes from muscle stress. Besides caffeine, Guarana contains a host of other xanthines. Theobromine and Theophylline are the primary xanthines, acting as muscle relaxants and possessing diuretic properties.

 

Products containing Guarana: Guarana
 

 

 

Hawthorne Berries (Crataegus oxycantha): Used as a digestive aid, for insomnia, nervous disorders, as a mild astringent for sore throat; also to enhance cardio-vascular health. Used in the treatment of both high and low blood pressure and for certain heart conditions. Contains bioflavonoids which cause dilation of the blood vessels, especially the coronary arteries, strengthening the blood vessels, and also aiding the reduction of blood pressure.

Caution: Consult a health care practitioner if using for heart conditions. Should be taken with or after a meal to avoid nausea.

 

Products containing Hawthorne Berries: Hawthorne Berries
 

 

Honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica): Anti-viral, anti-bacterial, tuberculostatic; traditionally used for bacterial dysentery, fevers, flu and laryngitis.

 

Products containing Honeysuckle: Scout Out, Honeysuckle
 
 
 

 

Hops

(Humulus lupulus): Nerve tonic; sedative; used to relieve stomach cramps and aid digestion, as a pain reliever and also to increase breast milk.

Caution: Not recommended for persons suffering depression.

 
Products containing Hops: Contract Ease, Peace Treaty, Hops
 
 

 

Horehound (Marrubium vulgare): A traditional cough remedy48; used to facilitate healing of bronchitis and asthma; also to expel mucous from the lungs and throat.

 
Products containing Horehound: Lungs Plus, Lung Tonic, Horehound
 
 
 

 

Horsetail (Shavegrass) (Equisetum arvense): Rich in nutrients, including silica which is used by the body in the production and repair of connective tissues while speeding up the healing of broken bones. Helps facilitate the absorption of calcium in the body, nourishes and repairs cell walls, hair, nails, skin, bones and connective tissue in the body. Used to stabilize and strengthen lung membranes; also effective in healing urinary tract infections.

 

Products containing Horsetail: Horsetail
 

 

Hydrangea (Hydrangea arborescens): A gentle diuretic; used for its tonic effect on the mucous membranes of the kidneys and bladder, for prevention and dissolving and eliminating stones and gravelly deposits. It has also been used to relieve inflammation or enlargement of the prostate gland and for arthritis.

 

Products containing Hydrangea: Hydrangea
 

 

Irish Moss (Chondrus crispus): Demulcent, emollient, nutritive; historically used for kidney and bladder disorders.

 

Products containing Irish Moss: Irish Moss
 
 
 
 
 

 

Juniper Berries (Juniperus communis): Traditionally used as a diuretic for kidney and bladder conditions, to relieve urinary tract problems, for kidney stones and gout.

Caution: Contraindicated during pregnancy.

 

Products containing Juniper Berries: ASMA, Juniper Berries
 
 

 

Kava Kava (Piper methysticum): Used to promote relaxation, as a sleep aid and remedy for nervousness. It has also been used to relieve cramping due to muscle spasms. Absorption is very quick with almost immediate results.

Caution: May cause drowsiness. Do not use while driving or operating heavy machinery. Contraindicated during pregnancy, nursing or in cases of depression.
 
Products containing Kava Kava: Kava Kava
 

 

Kelp (Laminaria digitata): Excellent source of calcium, magnesium, potassium and many trace minerals. Kelp helps the body to fight infection and is beneficial to the thyroid gland. Kelp is recommended as an excellent daily supplement.

 

Products containing Kelp: Kelp
 
 
 

 

Lemon Balm (Melissa officinalis): A mild diaphoretic, also used for upset stomach, nervous tension and insomnia.

 

Products containing Lemon Balm: Morning Soothe, Lemon Balm
 
 
 
 

 

Linden Flowers (Tilia europaea): A nervine used for relaxation and as a sleep aid; also for properties which are anti-spasmodic, anti-inflammatory, emmena-gogue, diaphoretic, diuretic or astringent. Linden is known for the treatment of raised blood pressure associated with nervous tension.

 

Products containing Linden Flowers: Snooze EZ, Linden Flowers
 

 

Licorice Root (Glycyrrhiza glabra): Used to soothe and heal mucous membranes in the throat and intestinal tract49; also to treat ulcers50.

 

 
 

 

Lobelia (Lobelia inflata): Traditionally used as an anti-spasmodic, an emetic for overdoses; as an expectorant and sedative. Used in the treatment of asthma, whooping cough, ulcers, inflammations and insect bites.

Caution: Contraindicated during pregnancy. High intake may cause nausea and vomiting.

 

Products containing Lobelia: Lobelia
 

 

Lomatium (Lomatium dissectum): Strong anti-microbial, historically used to treat a wide variety of infections, particularly those affecting the lungs. Lomatium was also used during the influenza epidemic of 1917 with reportedly good results. Use small amounts first to test for a reaction, as sensitive persons may react with a rash.

Caution: High intakes may lead to nausea. Not for pregnancy or persons on blood thinning agents.

 

Products containing Lomatium: Lomatium

 


 

 

 Marshmallow Root (Althea officinalis): The root has been used to soothe mucous membranes; also used internally to treat inflammation and problems of the genito-urinary tract; used as a mouthwash and to soothe teething pain51.

 
Products containing Marshmallow Root: UriCare with Cranberry, UriCare, Tummy Plus, Marshmallow Root
 
 

 

Meadowsweet (Filipendula ulmaria): Intestinal astringent, anti-inflammatory, carminative, antacid, anti-emetic. Protects and soothes the mucous membranes of the digestive tract, reducing nausea. It is gentle enough to be useful in treating diarrhea in children.

 

Products containing Meadowsweet: IntestiCalm, Meadowsweet
 

 

Milk Thistle (Silybum marianum): Antioxidant, detoxifier, liver protectant and rejuvenator; increases production of bile for breakdown of fats. Research done in Germany is revealing data about reversal of toxic liver damage as well as protection from potential hepatotoxic agents. Helps skin conditions related to poor liver function and promotes cell regeneration. The active ingredient Silymarin is not soluble in water and therefore inactive when taken in the form of tea. Effective internal use requires a concentrated product. As its name implies, Milk Thistle has been used to promotes milk secretion for breast feeding mothers.

 
Products containing Milk Thistle: MegaMam, Milk Thistle
 

 

Motherwort (Leonurus cardiaca): Anti-spasmodic, nervine, hepatic, cardiac tonic, hypotensive. Used for delayed menstrual cycle due to anxiety and for uterine conditions. Also used in heart and circulation treatments due to tension.

 
Products containing Motherwort: Motherwort
 
 
 

 

Muira Puama (Ptychopetalum olacoides): Traditionally used as an aphrodisiac, a treatment for impotency, menstrual disturbances and dysentary. Also used as a tonic for the nervous system, for mild exhaustion, as an anti-rheumatic and for gastrointestinal disorders.

 
Products containing Muira Puama: EVEning Boost, Muira Puama
 

 

Mullein (Verbascum thapsus): Has been used to help heal respiratory problems52, protect damaged tissue, to reduce swelling and pain and for it's antibiotic qualities53.

 
 
 

 

Myrrh

(Balsamodendron myrrha): Used to soothe and increase mucous membrane activity, for coughs and colds, fighting infection by increasing white blood cells (that attack foreign microbials)54; also to treat weak pulse and cold skinand to stimulate digestion by increasing peptic gland activity.

Caution: Contraindicated during pregnancy.

 
Products containing Myrrh: Soothing Salve, Lympha Rub, Viramune, Scout Out, Myrrh
 

 

Neem (Azadirachta indica): Traditionally used as a hair rinse in treatment and prevention of head lice.

 
Products containing Neem: Eczema Ayurvedic Care, Neem
 
 
 
 

 

Nettle (Urtica dioica): Shown to be effective in relieving allergy symptoms. Rich in iron and vitamin C, nettle can help prevent anemia. It has been shown to increase milk production in nursing mothers. Also used for vaginal infections, candida, for inflammation of urinary tract and for normalizing menstrual flow.

 
Products containing Nettle: Anti-Dia Tribe, Tri-Iron, Hormone Balancer, Nettle
 

 

Noni, Hawaiian (Morinda citrifolia L. rubuaceae): Rich in vitamins and minerals, also containing the alkaloid Xeronine, Noni has been traditionally used by the Hawaiian natives and other cultures as a valuable herbal remedy. Noni has been used to treat diabetes, heart trouble, high blood pressure, kidney disorders, compromised immune systems, respiratory problems, cancer and drug and alcohol addiction.

 
Products containing Hawaiian Noni: Noni
 

 

 

Oatstraw (Oatgrass) (Avena sativa): As a rich source of minerals, Oatstraw is one of the highest sources of magnesium available. Magnesium defiency has been linked to menstrual disorders, irritability and poor calcium absorption. Oatstraw has been used to balance the menstrual cycle of females, also in the prevention of osteoporosis.

 
 

 

Oregano Leaf (Origanum vulgare): Traditionally used as a tonic and a stimulant, Oregano had been recommended for indigestion, coughs, headaches and to promote menstruation.

 
Products containing Oregano Leaf: Oregano Leaf
 
 
 
 

 

 

Oregon Grape Root (Mahonia aquifolium): Can be used in place of Golden-seal as it also contains berberine which is a powerful anti-microbial for several bacteria. (See "Goldenseal" for more on berberine.) Unlike Goldenseal, however, long term use will not affect blood sugar levels.

Caution: Contraindicated during pregnancy.

 
Products containing Oregon Grape Root: NR Glow, Viramune, Tummy Plus, Bactamune
 

 

Osha

(Ligusticum porteri): Has an action like a bronchial dilator and has been used to reduce inflammation of the throat and mucous membranes; also to increase elimination of toxins throughout the pores of the skin.

Caution: Contraindicated during pregnancy.

 

Products containing Osha: Flew Away, Osha Root

 

 


 

Parsley Leaf (Petroselinum sativum): A high source of chlorophyll; used as a digestive aid, to help relieve gas and as a natural diuretic. Nutritionally provides iron, beta carotene, vitamins B1, B2 and C. Also used as an expectorant for coughs and asthma.

 

Products containing Parsley Leaf: Parsley Leaf

 
 

 

Parsley Root

(Petroselinum sativum): Used in eliminating various inflammatory conditions (such as in the urinary tract) and gravel obstructions of the kidneys; also used to stimulate pituitary gland. Considered a sedative, Parsley has been used for nervous conditions.

Caution: Contraindicated during pregnancy.

 
Products containing Parsley Root: Parsley Root
 

 

Passion Flower (Passiflora incarnata): Anti-spasmodic; calms the central nervous system. As a sedative56, Passion Flower assists relaxation and sleep. Especially helpful with restlessness in children. Used to calm anxiety in women during childbirth, menstruation or menopause.

 
Products containing Passion Flower: Peace Treaty, Peppermint and Chamomile, Snooze EZ, Passion Flower
 

 

Pau d'Arco (Tabebuia impetiginosa): As an anti-fungal and anti-parasitic, Pau d'Arco is recommended for candida overgrowth and thrush, also against viruses. Pau d'Arco has been used on leukemia patients with success; also on cancer patients to help them with pain and tumor reduction.

 
 

 

Pennyroyal (Hedeoma pulegioides): Used to induce menstruation and relieve PMS symptoms; also for coughs and colds.

 
Products containing Pennyroyal: Start Up, Pennyroyal
 
 
 
 

 

Peppermint (Mentha piperita): Used for indigestion, studies show Peppermint lessens the amount of time food spends in the stomach by stimulating the gastric lining. Helps with heartburn, migraine headaches, nausea and the reduction of cramps and stomach pain.

 
 

 

Pipsissewa (Chimaphila umbellata): Used as a natural remedy for kidney problems. It is less astringent than Uva-Ursi, with a stronger diuretic action and less irritation of the intestinal lining.

 
Products containing Pipsissewa: Joint Care, Pipsissewa
 
 
 

 

Plantain (Plantago ovaga): Used to alleviate skin infection and inflammation57; also to reduce pain and coughing58.

 
Products containing Plantain: Lungs Plus, Lung Tonic
 
 
 
 
 

 

Pleurisy (Asclepias tuberosa): Remedy for colds and flu; used as an expectorant; also as a digestive aid.

Caution: Not to be used during pregnancy.

 
Products containing Pleurisy: Lungs Plus, Lung Tonic
 
 
 
 

 

Prickly Ash Bark (Zanthoxylum clava-herculis): Historically used for chronic rheumatism, dyspepsia, dysentery, kidney and heart problems, colds, coughs, lung ailments and nervous debility; also used as a cancer treatment.

 
Products containing Prickly Ash Bark: Joint Care, Prickly Ash Bark
 
 

 

 

Queen of the Meadow Root (Gravel Root, Joe-Pye Weed) (Eupatorum purpureum): Diuretic; used for urinary infections, also for respiratory problems.

Caution: Not to be used during pregnancy, nursing, or for long term use.

 
 
 
 

 

 

Red Raspberry (Rubus idaeus): Used as a uterine tonic59 and relaxant. Traditionally believed to lead to an easier childbirth60; midwives have found that women who drink Raspberry tea regularly during pregnancy have a decreased chance of hemorrhage. It is also used to relieve kidney irritation61.

 
 

 

Red Clover

(Trifolium pratense): Known as a blood purifier, Red Clover has been used to treat and prevent cancer. Also used in the treatment of gout, to reduce coughing62 and to expels mucous from the lungs and throat.

Caution: Not for use during pregnancy or for persons on blood thinning agents.

 
Products containing Red Clover: Viramune, Scout Out, NR Glow, Red Clover
 

 

Red Root (Ceanothus americanus): Used to cleanse the lymph system and in the treatment of tonsil inflammations and sore throats. It has been shown to increase transport of nutrients from the blood across the capillary cells to the lymph.

 
Products containing Red Root: Viramune, NR Glow, Mastitix
 
 

 

Reishi Mushroom (Ganoderma sinensis): A powerful immunostimulant used in traditional Chinese medicine.

 
Products containing Reishi Mushroom: Reishi Mushroom
 
 
 
 

 

Rhubarb Root (Rheum palmateom): Used to stimulate the appetite, stop diarrhea, inhibit bacterial growth63 and to inhibit growth of cancer64. Sometimes administered for upper digestive tract bleeding65.

 
Products containing Rhubarb Root: Rhubarb Root
 
 
 

 

Rosehips (Rosa canina): Rich in vitamin C, A, B, E and D, organic acids and pectin. Acids and pectin make it mildly laxative and diuretic.

 

Products containing Rosehips: Blue Green Minerals with Calcium and Magnesium, CirculaBrain, CirculaTone, Rosehips

 
 

 

 Rosemary (Rosemarinus officinalis): Used to treat headaches; soothe upset stomach, as a muscle stimulant, and to soothe irritated nerves66.

 
Products containing Rosemary: Scout Out, ASMA, Hear No Evil, Rosemary
 
 
 

 

Saint John's Wort

(Hypericum perforatum): Much current research is being done to validify Saint John's Wort's effectiveness as a mild tranquilizer for depression and insomnia. Also used as an anti-inflammatory, to treat lung diseases, urinary infections, reduce stress, and to promote healing of wounds and cuts. Extracts have been shown to inhibit the growth of mycobacterium tuberculosis (the most common cause of TB), also E. Coli, staphylococci, and also some strains of bacteria that are resisitant to antibiotics. Has shown anti-viral and anti-bacterial activity against herpes simplex, influenza and hepatitis B virus.

Caution: Not to be used in cases of severe depression or mental imbalance.

 
Products containing Saint John's Wort: Scout Out, B-DRY, Saint John's Wart
 

 

Sarsaparilla (Smilax ornata): Used to balance hormones in both males and females. It's anti-microbial action is a result of antibiotic properties (saponins)67. Also used in blood purifier combinations for skin problems, as a diuretic and diaphoretic.

 
Products containing Sarsaparilla: LivCare, Joint Care, LiquaLax, Hormone Balancer, Sarsaparilla

 
 

 

Sassafras

(Sassafras albidum): Aromatic, stimulant, diaphoretic, alterative; often used with other herbs to treat chronic rheumatism, syphilis, and skin diseases.

Caution: Avoid excessive or long term use.

 
Products containing Sassafras: Joint Care, Sassafras
 
 
 

 

Saw Palmetto (Serenoa serrulata): Used in Germany as a treatment for benign prostate enlargement and inflammation. Also used to treat impotence, infertility, painful menstruation and lactation problems in women. As an expectorant, Saw Palmetto is used as a tonic for mucous membranes, especially the bronchial area. Also used as a digestive aid and diuretic.

 
Products containing Saw Palmetto: Male Combination, Saw Palmetto
 

 

Scullcap (Scutellaria lateriflora): Used as a nervine, relaxant68, and for sleep-inducing; used to relieve pain caused by spasms69.

 
Products containing Scullcap: Peace Treaty, Hear No Evil, Contract Ease, Snooze EZ
 
 
 

 

Shavegrass (See Horsetail)

 

 

Sheep Sorrel

(Rumex acetosella): Has a diuretic action. Historically used for fevers, hemorrhaging and for urinary disorders.

Caution: Not recommended for persons with a history of kidney stones.

 
Products containing Sheep Sorrel: Sheep Sorrel
 
 

 

Shepherd's Purse (Capsella bursa-pastoris): Used to lower blood pressure, reduce heavy menstrual flow (menorrhagia)70, reduce the incidence of hemorrhage in childbirth, heal urinary tract irritation and clear blood from the urine; also to stimulate uterine contractions71.

Caution: Not to be used during pregnancy or by persons with a history of kidney stones.

 
Products containing Shepherd's Purse: Hormone Balancer, Placenta Out, Shepherd's Purse
 

 

Shiitake Mushroom (Lentinus edodes): Used to help boost and strengthen the immune system and lower cholesterol. Also used in Japan and China as a cancer-fighting agent.

 
Products containing Shiitake Mushroom: Shiitake Mushroom
 
 
 

 

Slippery Elm (Ulmus fulva): A very effective demulcent in the treatment of coughs72. With high mucilage properties, Slippery Elm provides a soothing coating to relieve scratchy or sore throat and esophagus73. Also used to relieve pain in gastritis and ulcers, to soothe diarrhea and damaged tissue and sores74.

 
Products containing Slippery Elm: Anti-Dia Tribe, IntestiCalm, Slippery Elm
 

 

Spearmint (Mentha spicata): Flavorful anti-spasmodic herb from the mint family, used for calming and soothing stomach disorders.

 
 
 
 
 
 

 

Spikenard (Aralia recemosa): Diuretic used to relieve coughs and asthma. Also used for treatment of lung and kidney ailments. Native Americans used it for menstrual irregularities.

 
Products containing Spikenard: Wild Cherry Coffaway, Spikenard
 
 

 

Squaw Vine (Mitchella repens): Used to relieve painful menstruation, prevent miscarriage75 and during the last few weeks of pregnancy to aid childbirth.

 
Products containing Squaw Vine: Female Formula, B-Fruitful, Labor Prep, Squaw Vine
 
 
 

 

Stevia (Green or White) (Stevia rebaudiana): Used in Japan as a zero calorie sweetener for many commercial foods and soft drinks. 200-300 times sweeter than sugar, yet not a sugar. Stevia does not create plaque or cavities and has been shown to be anti-cavity; also aids digestion.

 
 

 

Strawberry Leaf (Fragaria vesca): With laxative, diuretic and astringent properties, Strawberry Leaf has been used to treat dysentery.

 
Products containing Strawberry Leaf: Strawberry Leaf
 
 
 
 

 

Suma (Pfaffia paniculata): The root of this Amazon rain forest herb exhibits remarkable properties which are believed to promote health and well-being. As an adaptogen, Suma has been used for regeneration and to increase resistance to stress. Also to speed wound healing, regulate hormones and regulate the body's acid/alkaline balance. Rich in vitamins, minerals, amino acids and allantoin (a cell building compound). Suma contains significant amounts of the rare trace mineral Germanium which stimulates the immune system and helps to promote oxygen flow to cells.

 
Products containing Suma: Suma
 

 

Sumac Berry (Rhus glabra): These berries were traditionally used by Native Americans to stop bed-wetting.

 
Products containing Sumac Berry: Sumac Berry
 
 
 
 
 

 

Thyme (Thymus vulgaris): Anti-bacterial; used to reduce bacteria growth, mucous in the lungs, to eliminate hookworms in the intestines and to strengthen the nervous system.

 
 
 

 

Usnea (Usnea barbata): Anti-microbial; historically used to stimulate digestion and treat indigestion. Usnic acid in Usnea acts as an antibiotic which may aid the treatment of infections, sore throat and colds. Usnea also contains mucilage which is helpful in soothing irritating coughs.

 
Products containing Usnea: Sinus Minus, Mastitix
 
 

 

Uva Ursi

(Arctostaphylos uva-ursi): Astringent, antiseptic; an excellent diuretic traditionally used for urinary tract infections. Also shown to be effective in treating bladder and kidney ailments.

Caution: Extremely high in Tannin and may cause nausea and vomiting in sensitive people. Uva Ursi should not be taken with drugs that lead to the formation of acid urine. Do not take high doses or for extended periods of time without consulting a health care practitioner. Contraindicated during pregnancy.

 
Products containing Uva Ursi: Uva Ursi
 

 

Valerian (Valeriana officinalis): Nervine herb used to reduce stress and induce sleep76. Studies show that the major component, the "valepotriates" have sedative, anti-convulsive, hypotensive, tranquilizing and anti-aggressive qualities, making Valerian a natural tranquilizer77. Also used for gastrointestinal pain and cramping.

 
Products containing Valerian: Peace Treaty, Contract Ease, Snooze EZ
 

 

White Oak Bark (Quercus alba): Astringent, anti-inflammatory; helps stop diarrhea; contains high amounts of calcium.

 
Products containing White Oak Bark: Anti-Dia Tribe, White Oak Bark
 
 
 

 

White Pine Bark (Pinus strobus): Used as an expectorant for colds and for bronchial congestion.

 
Products containing White Pine Bark: Wild Cherry Coffaway
 
 
 
 
 

 

White Willow Bark (Salix alba): Traditionally used as a natural pain reliever78; also for headaches and pain caused by inflammation, mild fever, arthritis, rheumatic disorders, sore muscles, colds, flu and chills79.

Note: The conversion process of pain relief in the body is not immediate but takes a few hours.

 
Products containing White Willow Bark: Peace Treaty, White Willow and Feverfew
 

 

Wild Cherry Bark (Prunus serotina): Astringent; expectorant; used to soothe irritating coughs due to sedative action.

 
Products containing Wild Cherry Bark: Lungs Plus, Lung Tonic, Wild Cherry Coffaway, Wild Cherry Bark
 
 
 
 

 

Wild Yam (Dioscorea villosa): Anti-spasmodic; anti-inflammatory; used to increase liver efficiency by lowering serum cholesterol80. Because of balancing effect on digestive and reproductive systems, it has been used for PMS symptoms, to prevent miscarriage, reduce dysmenorrhea, cramps and afterbirth pain81.

 
Products containing Wild Yam: Carry On, Contract Ease, Joint Care
 

 

Wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens): Used as a tonic, astringent, stimulant, aromatic and lactagogue. Useful as a diuretic and emmenagogue and for chronic mucous discharges.

 

Products containing Wintergreen: Worm Out, Soothing Salve

 
 
 

 

 

Wormwood (Artemisia Absinthium): Traditionally used as a de-worming medicine; also as an antiseptic, anti-spasmodic, sedative and stimulant; treating rheumatism, fevers, colds and poor circulation.

Caution: Contraindicated during pregnancy. Not for long term use.

 
Products containing Wormwood: Worm Out
 

 

 

Yarrow (Achillea millefolium): Used to purifiy the blood, reduce fever, lower blood pressure; also as a digestive stimulant and diaphoretic.

Caution: Contraindicated during pregnancy.

 

Products containing Yarrow: ViraMune, Yummy Yarrow with Elderberry, Adult Herbal Minerals, Hear No Evil, Blue Green Minerals with Calcium and Magnesium, Original Herbal Minerals, Hem Halt, Mastitix

 

 

 

Yellow Dock (Rumex crispus): Used as a blood purifier, to clear skin problems (including eczema and psoriasis), to relieve glandular inflammation and swelling and to eliminate ringworm. In India, Yellow Dock reportedly hardened weak gums softened by a bad diet82. Yellow Dock also exibits some antibiotic properties83.

Caution: Not for use by persons with a history of kidney stones.

 
Products containing Yellow Dock: Scout Out, Move E-Z, Tri-Iron
 

 

Yerba Santa (Eriodictyon californicum): Used to treat respiratory conditions such as bronchial congestion, asthma and hayfever.

 
Products containing Yerba Santa: Sinus Minus, ASMA
 
 
 
 

 

 

Yohimbe (pausinystali johimbe): Yohimbe is an approved natural aid for the treatment of impotence. Traditionally used as a mood enhancer, to reduce depression and anxiety and as an aphrodisiac. The primary function of this herb is to increase blood flow to the erectile tissues of the body, also to increase testosterone levels.

Caution: Yohimbe should not be used by women, persons taking MAO inhibitors such as tranquilizers, anti-depressants or blood pressure medicine, or anyone with heart arrhythmia. Side effects may include sweating, nausea and vomiting.

 

 

Yucca (Yucca liliaceae): Anti-inflammatory; used for arthritis and rheumatism.

 
Products containing Yucca: Scout Out
 
 
 
 
 

 

References:

 

9.. Leung, A., Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients New York, 1980

 

10.. Malinow, M., R., et al, "Effect of Alfalfa saponins on intestinal cholesterol absorption in rats," The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol 30, page 2061-7; 1977

 

11.. Leung, A., Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients New York, 1980

 

12.. Costello, C., H., & Lynn, E., V., "Estrogenic substances from plants," Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association; Vol 39, pages 177-180; 1950

 

13.. Benoit, P.S., et al, "Biological and phytochemical evaluation of plants; chapter 14 "Anti-inflammatory evaluation of 163 species," Llodia, vol. 39 numbers 2-3; pages 160-171; 1976

 

14.. Hutchins, A., R., Indian Herbology of North America Merco, Ontario, 1973

 

15.. Youngken, H., W., Textbook of Pharmacognosy, Blakiston, Philadelphia, 1943

 

16.. Jarbo, C., H., et al, "Uterine relaxant properties of Viburnum," Nature vol 212, page 837: 1966

 

17.. Harris, W., R., Practice of Medicine and Surgery by Champlain's Time Archeological reproductions, Ontario, 1915 Leung. A., Y., Chinese Herbal Remedies, Universe Books, New

 

York 1984

 

18.. Li Shih-Chen, Chinese Medicinal Herbs Georgetown Press, San Francisco, 1973

 

19.. Bentlock, U. "The Great Burdock," in The Herbalist, June, 1973, page 32-33

 

20. Millspaug, C.F. American Medicinal Plants. Dover Publications, New York, 1974

 

21. Scully, V. A treasury of American Indian Herbs. Bonanza Books, New York, 1960

 

22. Bigelow, J. American Medical Botany, Being a Collection of the Native Medicinal Plants of the Untied States. 3 Vols, Cummings and Helliard, Boston, 1820

 

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33. Issac, O, and Kristen, G. "Old and new methods of chamomile therapy. Chamomile as example for modern research of medicinal plants." Medizinische Welt, Vol 31, Pg 1145-1149,

 

1980

 

34.. Scully, V, A Treasury of American Indian Herbs , Bonanza Books, NY, Pg 210-213, 1960

 

35. Fitzpatrick, F.K. "Plant substances achieve against mycobacterium tuberculoses." Antibiotics and Chemotherapy, Vol 4, Ph 528-536, 1954

 

36. Marindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 1977. Pharmaceutical Press. London

 

37. Chune, B, "Glycyrrhetinic Acid a non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Agent in Dermatology," Press Medicals, Vol 238, Pg 206, 1957.

 

38. Albert-puleo, M. "Fennel and Anise as Estrogenic Agents," Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Vol 2, Pg 337-344, 1980

 

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40. Fortunatov, M., N., "Experimental use of Phytoncides for Therapeutic and Prophylactic Purpose," Voprosy Pediatrii i Okhrany Materinstva: Detstva, Vol 20, Pg 55-58, 1952

 

41. Glatzel, H, "Treatment of dyspeptic disorders with spice extracts; practical uses of a new therapeutic principle," Hippokractes, vol 40 #23, pgs 916-919; 1969

 

42. Mowrey, Daniel, Ph.D., The Scientific Validation of Herbal Medicine, Keats, New Canaan, CT., pg 49; 1986

 

43. Solodkov, A., S., "Changes in some Biochemical Indices of Human Blood under the Effect of Eleutherococcus," Twenty-fourth Session of the Committee to study Ginseng and other

 

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44. Gibbs, O.S., "On the curious pharmacology of hydrastis," in Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. Federation Proceedings vol 6 #1 page 332; 1947

 

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49. Anderson, S., "Protective Action of Deglycyrrhinized Liquorice on the occurrence of stomach ulcers and pylorus of Ligated Rats." Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology. Vol 6, Pg

 

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50. Nagy, G., S., "Evaluation of Carbon Oxolone Sodium in the Treatment of Duodenal Ulcer," Gastroenterology, Vol 74, Pg 7-10, 1978

 

51. Ginter, E., Kubec, et al, "Natural hypocholesteremic agent: pectin plus ascorbic acid" International Journal of Vitamin and Nutrition Research, Vol 21, Pg 51-54, 1982

 

52. Chopra, R., N., et al, Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Dehli, India, 1956 53. Fitzpatrick, F., K., "Plant substances active against

 

mycobacterium tuberculosis," Antibiotics and Chemotherapy, vol 4 #5, pgs 528-536; 1954

 

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56. Lutomski, J. "Pharmacological Investigation of the Raw Material from Passiflora genius," Plant Medica Vol 27, Pg 112, 1975

 

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59. Felter, H., W., The Eclectic Materia Medica Pharmacology and Therapeutics. Eclectic Medical Publications, Portland, OR, 1983

 

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65. Dong-hai, J., Yu-hua, M., Shou-jing, C., et al, "Resume of 400 cases of acute upper digestive bleeding treated by rhubarb alone." Pharmacology, 20, Pg 128-130, 1980.

 

66. Mowrey, Daniel, Ph.D., The Scientific Validation of Herbal Medicine, Keats, New Canaan, CT., pgs, 225-226; 1986

 

67. tschesche, R., "Advances in the chemistry of antibiotic substances from higher plants," in Wagner, H. & Horhammer L., Springer Verlag, New York, pgs 274-276; 1971

 

68. Gammerman, A.F, Editor Wild Medical Plants Bello-Ross pubs, Academy of Science, Institute of Botanics and Microbiology, Minsk, Bello-Russia 1965 Mowrey, Daniel, Ph.D., The

 

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69. Shibata, S. et al., "Constituents of Japanese and Chinese crude drugs. III. Antispasmodic action of flavonoid and anthraquinones," Yakugaku Zasshi vol 80 pgs 620-24; 1960 in

 

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71. Shipolchiliev, I., "Extracts from a group of medicinal plants enhancing the uterine tonus," Vetinary Sciences vol 19 #4; pgs 94-98; 1981

 

72. Tantaquidqeon, G., "Mohegan medicinal practices, weather-lore, and superstition," in Forty Third Annual Report on the Bureau of American Ethnology, Washington, D.C. Government

 

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